The presence of watermills has been very widespread since Medieval times.
They were generally quite small with a single “millstone” that ground grains of wheat, corn and dry chestnuts for man, and “fodder” (barley and oats) for the livestock.
They worked on a “horizontal intake system” and were surrounded by irrigation canals and mill courses, and by a water reserve (“millponds”).
The number of mills grew until the beginning of the 19 th century when they began to be closed progressively and replaced with electricity.
There are only a few mills still running today, but the workings continue to enchant us with their age-old charm.